Toolie's Benchtop & Doors

Timber Properties

Timber Properties PDF Version

Timber Botanical Name Density kg/m3 Laminate mm Thickness mm Butt Joints Radial Shrinkage % Tangential Shrinkage % Janka kN Workability Durability (Class) Strength Group
American Oak Quercus Alba 720 19 35 YES 3.00% 5.00% 6 Easy to work. Iron when in contact with damp wood may cause black tannin stain. Moderate (3) SD6
Australian Cherry (Myrtle) Nothafagus Cunninghamii 710 19 35 YES 3.50% 6.60% 5.9 Easy to  glue, finish and work. There is a tendency to tear out, use sharp tool edges. Moderate (3) SD3 – SD4
Baltic Pine Pinus Sylvestris 500 42 35 NO 2.00% 4.50% 2.1 Easy to  glue, finish and work except for the knots. Moderate (3) SD6
Sydney Blue Gum Eucalyptus Saligna 850 19 35 YES 5.00% 9.00% 9 Relatively easy to work. Glues well. Moderate (3) SD3
Blackbutt Eucalyptus Pilularis 900 On TRIAL 3.00% 6.50% 9.1  – Durable (2) SD2
Brushbox Lophostemon Confertus 900 19 35 YES & NO 5.00% 10.00% 9.5 Dulls tool edges due to silica. Works and finishes well. Moderate (3) SD3
Canadian Rock Maple Acer Saccharum 740 19 35 YES 3.00% 6.00% 6.4 Easy to work. Take care in nailing. Low (4) SD4
Celery Top Pine Phyllocladus Aspelenifolius 650 19 35 YES 2.00% 4.00% 4.5 May not be easy to work with due to wood compression. Durable (2) SD5
Cypress Pine Callitris Glaucophylla 680 19 35 YES 2.50% 3.00% 6.6 Brittle but will accept nail without splitting.  Sanding dust may be irritable to some. Durable (2) SD6
Damanu Callophyllum spp. 600 33 35 YES 2.50% 4.00% 4.6 Generally easy to work. Glues well. Low (4) SD6
Damanu Slimline 87 30 YES
European Beech Fagus Sylvatice 700 21 30 YES 4.00% 6.00% 6 Easy to work, glue and finish.  Pre-drilling may be required for nailing. Low (4) SD4
European Birch Betula Pubescens 670 22 35 YES 3.00% 6.00% 4.5 Easy to work, glue and finish Low (4) SD4
European Elm Ulmus Pumula 600 25 35 YES Works, glues and finishes well. Moderate (3)
European Oak Quercus Petraea 690 25 35 YES 3.00% 6.00% 5.5 Easy to work. Iron when in contact with damp wood may cause black tannin stain. Durable (2) SD5
European Walnut Juglans Regia 640 22 35 YES 2.00% 4.00% 5.9 Easy to work. Iron when in contact with damp wood may cause black tannin stain. Moderate (3) SD4
Fijian Mahogany Swietenia Macrophylla 570 87 40 NO 1.50% 2.50% 3.6 Sharp tools are needed to avoid ‘wooliness’. Glues and nails well. Moderate (3) SD6
Hoop Pine Araucaria Cunninghamii 530 20 35 NO 2.50% 3.50% 3.4 Works and glues well. Low (4) SD5
Hoop Pine Panel 42 – 50 19 NO
Jarrah Eucalytus Marginata 820 39 38 YES 5.00% 7.50% 8.5 Works, glues and finishes well. Care when nailing. Durable (2) SD4
Jarrah Slimline 45 30 YES
Jarrah Panel 68-90 19 NO
Merbau Instia Bijuga 830 45 30 YES 1.50% 2.50% 8.6 May have gum build up on cutting tools. Saw dust may be irritable to some. Durable (2) SD3
N.G. Rosewood Pterocarpus Indicus 615 30 35 YES 1.00% 2.00% 4.7 Easy to work, glue and finish. Durable (2) SD5
N.G. Rosewood Slimline 87 30 YES
Nyatoh Palaquium spp. 650 45 30 YES 5.00% 6.50% Dulls tool edges due to silica but usually works and finishes well. Low (4) SD7
Prickly Acacia Acacia Nilotica On TRIAL 1.00% 1.60%  – Low (4) SD4
Radiata Pine Pinus Radiata 500 33 35 NO 3.00% 4.50% 3.3 Easy to works except for the knots. Low (4) SD6
Recycled Red Hardwood Mixed species 700-950 80 40 NO  n/a  n/a  n/a  –  n/a  n/a
Recycled Brown Hardwood Mixed species 700-950 80 40 NO  n/a  n/a  n/a  –  n/a  n/a
Recycled Oregon Douglas Fir 560 80 40 NO 2.50% 4.00% 3.1 Care is needed when dressing and nailing. Low (4) SD5
River Red Gum Eucalyptus Rostrata 900 60 30 YES 4.00% 8.00% 10 Care is needed when dressing due to its interlocked grain. Durable (2) SD5
Tasmanian Blackwood Acacia Malanoxylon 640 19 35 YES 1.50% 4.00% 5.9 Easy to work, glue and finish.  Sanding dust may be irritable to some. Moderate (3) SD4
Tasmanian Blackwood Slimline 63 30 YES
Tasmanian Oak E.regnans, obliqua, deligatensis 700-750 30 35 YES & NO 2.1 – 6.6% 8.5 – 13.0% 5 Easy to work, glue and finish. Low (4) SD3
Tasmanian Oak Slimline 87 30 NO
Tasmanian Oak Panel 90 19 NO
Tulip Oak Argyrodendron Actinophyllum 850 40 30 NO 4.50% 8.50% 7.3 Low (4) SD3

Timber availability and manufacturing specifications may vary from time to time.